For the Record—What Document Retention Policy Does Your Business Have in Place?

Business owners know that paperwork can be a lot of work. There are personnel files, insurance and benefit records, investigative files, government forms, payroll— and the list seemingly never ends. As a result, it is imperative that employers have a record retention policy in place before a mountain of paperwork overruns the office. All employers, and especially their Human Resources departments, should know not only where to store documents, but also how long to keep them and who is in charge of necessary cataloging.

I recommend that you consider each piece of paper in your business as a piece of evidence that may be needed in the future. In the event of a wrongful discharge case, for example, what records will evidence your action with respect to that employee? In addition, if you do find yourself in court without relevant records, a formal destruction policy that shows why the records are no longer in existence is much less suspicious than an unexplained disappearance.

Each state and federal agency has its own set of document retention timelines. While getting rid of a document before its time can be extremely detrimental, keeping records past the necessary period can lead to messy, overly voluminous files. Records should be streamlined and easy to find; if you have records dating back decades (and no applicable law requires such preservation), you are wasting valuable operating space and perhaps creating a “needle in the haystack” scenario.  The best practice is to seek counsel for an individualized policy and specific preservation requirements.

If your current policy does not address electronic documents such as emails, web pages, or social media snippets, then it is time for an updated policy. In addition, new software may be extraordinarily beneficial to preserve electronic data. For example, it is now possible to use electronic imaging to record and store digital records. Online storage of records may cost more and require professional services, but it will save storage room and protect against loss or damage of information in the long run.

Attorneys at McBrayer, McGinnis, Leslie & Kirkland, PLLC, can help employers with the preparation, development, and implementation of a preservation policy or the revision of an existing policy.

Brittany Blackburn Koch, Esq., is an associate attorney practicing in the Lexington office of McBrayer, McGinnis, Leslie & Kirkland, PLLC. She is a native of Pikeville, Kentucky, and a graduate of Centre College and the University of Kentucky College of Law. Ms. Koch’s practice focuses primarily on family law, employment law, criminal law and civil litigation. Ms. Koch has served in numerous public service roles, including representation for Fayette County Bar Association Domestic Violence Pro Bono Advocacy Program. She is actively involved in various organizations and committees, including the Board of Directors for Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA), Young Professional Committee of Lexington Public Library Foundation, Fayette County and Kentucky Bar Associations, and Centre College Alumni Association.

She may be reached at or at (859) 231-8780, ext. 300

This article is intended as a summary of  federal law and does not constitute legal advice.

Article originally appeared on McBrayer Employment Law Blog,

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Brittany Blackburn Koch is a member of the firm’s litigation group. Her practice is diverse, with a primary focus on civil litigation and family law. Her civil litigation practice includes the areas of contract disputes, personal injury, and employment law, which consists of representing employers in state and federal trial courts for issues associated with the enforcement of no-compete agreements, the investigation and defense of discrimination claims, and the negotiation and enforcement of severance agreements. Ms. Koch provides a variety of family law services ranging from the initiation to the conclusion of dissolution proceedings and including issues related to custody and timesharing, child support, division of property, maintenance/alimony, the drafting and enforcement of prenuptial and postnuptial agreements, settlement agreements, and trial. Ms. Koch has represented clients before various trial courts throughout the Commonwealth of Kentucky. She received her undergraduate degree from Centre College in 2005 and graduated from the University of Kentucky College of Law in 2008. Prior to joining McBrayer Law Firm in 2009, Ms. Koch served as staff attorney to Hon. Kimberly Bunnell, Fayette Circuit Court Judge. Ms. Koch is a native of Pikeville, Kentucky. Among other activities, she serves on the Board of Directors of Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA), is an active member of the Centre Alumni Association, and provides services to the Fayette County Bar Association Pro Bono Domestic Violence Program.

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